ah teaches web design & development (Styling the Webs lecture)
Styling the Webs
Thinking about our websites as modular components and the fundamentals of styling websites. Lecture slides will be made available on the day of the lecture (May 17).
Close up your laptops
Extra IAT-235 bridging support
We recognize that some of you may not have gotten much time working with HTML and CSS in IAT-235. If you need additional support getting up to speed please reach out to us.
I will be on Discord most Tuesdays and Thursdays if you have quick questions or concerns.
Lecture recordings are connected to the slide decks.
As this is a new build please let me know if you encounter any problems loading or viewing the recordings.
Web design and development
You have to learn to embrace flexibility, failure and iteration.
How do users use the web?
What are your thoughts? Chat with a neighbour for 2 minutes.
Applying SIAT in IAT-339
This potentially endless list...
- Content: text, visual, aural
- Structure: layout, grids, hierarchy, IA
- Accessibility: clean markup, flexibility
- Usable: interaction, utility, UX
Cascading Style Sheets
While HTML defines the structure of the content on the page, CSS styles the page to ensure the user get's something usable. Good code will clearly separate semantic markup from styling.
Keeping them apart
A real Romeo/Juliet scenario
Rules for keeping them separate
- Do not use HTML to define styling; i.e.
<br>, <i>, <b>
- Do not use inline CSS styling;
<section style="color: blue;">
- Keep files separate; .html defines content, .css defines style, never shall they meet
Let's talk CSS
You want to aim for CSS stylings that are scalable and modular. Here are some divisions suggested as a framework:
- Base rules: direct styling of elements for normalizing or defaults
- Layout: structural styling for the page (i.e. .grid, .grid-column)
- Modules: styling for different components (i.e. .nav-bar, .nav-button)
- State Rules: styling different states (i.e. .is-current, .is-opened)
When you get started on planning out elements
More things to ensure:
- Use a purpose-oriented naming convention: .external-link (describe the content)
- Avoid naming based on style: .blue-border
- Agree with your teammate: You need to understand one another
ID vs. class
IDs must always be unique,
<section id="kittens"> they can only be specified once. While classes can be used as many times as needed —
The order in which things are read
Inline styles:should never be used
- ID's: #home, #cool-stuff
- Classes, attributes & pseudo-classes: .home, [class], :hover
Units in CSS
In the journey to responsiveness, we want to aim for relative and scalable units as much as possible.
Rems — root-ems — are units responsive to the font-size set by the browser which help us establish easy relationships in type.
The box model
content-box vs border-box
Your new best friend
Ever wanted to know what the slides would look like with a red background? Right-click and 'Inspect Element' opens up the development tools to mess around with things in.
The display property
Block, inline, and inline-block
Block elements break to the next line, can have a height and width, and by default are full-width.
Inline elements stay in-line with other inline elements, and listen to their content for their sizing.
Inline-block elemetns stay in-line with other inline elements, can have a height and width, and listen to their content for their sizing.
Why we care
At the end of the day, it's about your mental sanity. But good clean, clear coding conventions, page and file structure typically loads and runs faster.
Some things to think about
You are not required to generate your own images and icons for this project. That being said, the branding must still be your own work. Here are some recommended suggestions:
Please make sure you have: Today's tutorial starter kit
Please have your P1 process materials ready for review with Alfredo.
Next week's lecture
Like Building Blocks
More depth on styleguides, as well as thinking and building responsive structures online.
Lecture recordings will typically become available the day after the lecture.